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Hyperglycemia Levels

Hyperglycemia is a condition in which the level of glucose in the blood increases. A subject with a fixed range above 126 mg/dL or 7 mmol/L is generally considered hyperglycemic, while a fixed range below 70 mg/dL or 4 mmol/L is considered hypoglycemic.

Human blood glucose levels vary at different times of the day and before and after meals. Hyperglycemia may occur in individuals with undiagnosed diabetes. It can also occur if a person with diabetes does not follow their treatment regimen. Hyperglycemia can cause various symptoms.

The three classic symptoms of hyperglycemia are frequent urination, frequent hunger, and frequent thirst. Some other symptoms may appear, such as blurred vision, poor wound healing, dry mouth, fatigue, and others. Symptoms may not appear until blood glucose levels reach 15-20 mmol/L (270-360 mg/dL) or higher. Blood glucose levels that are a little higher than normal can cause long-term damage.

Glucose Levels

what is hyperglycemia

The level of glucose in the blood should be maintained in the normal range. Homeostasis plays an important role in the efficiency of the body in performing physiological processes. Changes in blood glucose, whether it is rising or falling, can affect the processes of the body. It may also cause damage.

Hyperglycemia can damage the kidneys and retina. It can also damage the heart and blood vessels. This condition can be caused by several conditions such as diabetes, physiological stress, serious illness, or certain medications. Treating hyperglycemia is aimed at treating the underlying cause.

For people with diabetes, it is very important to follow the treatment regimen. They also need to monitor their diet and lifestyle. It is also important to check your blood glucose levels regularly. If symptoms of hyperglycemia appear, it is highly recommended to consult a doctor immediately. This is necessary to make an accurate diagnosis and choose the appropriate treatment. It is also necessary to prevent the development of complications.

Types of hyperglycemia

hyperglycemia treatment

Hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes can be of two types: fasting hyperglycemia or postprandial hyperglycemia.

Fasting hyperglycemia is a condition in which blood sugar levels exceed 130 mg/dL after fasting for at least 8 hours.

If you have postprandial hyperglycemia, your postprandial blood sugar should not exceed 140 mg/dL, except in rare cases associated with heavy metals. If postprandial hyperglycemia is persistently high, this may be a sign of the onset of type 2 diabetes.

In people without diabetes, hyperglycemia is usually caused by high levels of stress, medications, eating disorders, and a lack of regular exercise.

Meditation and stress sometimes disrupt blood sugar levels and develop into hyperglycemia. If you consume a lot of calories from complex and simple carbohydrates in your meals, your blood sugar levels will also rise.

Hyperglycemia Symptoms

The symptoms must be understood to know what to do when a person has hyperglycemia. You will usually notice hyperglycemia levels and high levels of sugar in your urine. Sometimes it also leads to frequent urination or increased thirst. Problems associated with hyperglycemia can be treated by starting appropriate treatment.

Common symptoms of hyperglycemia include:

  • Excessive weight gain
  • Impotence in men
  • Dry skin
  • Rashes in the groin
  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Impaired wound healing
  • Excessive hunger
  • Itchy skin
  • Chronic constipation or diarrhea

Differentiate Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.

hyperglycemia symptoms

Type 1 diabetes is caused by the pancreas not being able to produce enough insulin to process glucose. Therefore, there is more glucose in the bloodstream.

In type 2 diabetes, cells are unable to receive and use the energy produced in the body. The glucose level remains high.

Blurred vision, dizziness, and mental confusion due to the inability to think clearly can be caused by severe hyperglycemia. Uncontrolled hyperglycemia can be fatal and can lead to ketosis and eventually death.

Treating Hyperglycemia

Hyperglycemia is caused by several factors. If you have type 1 diabetes, hyperglycemia is often the result of insufficient insulin. For people with type 2, this may simply mean that your body is not using insulin the way it should. Sometimes this is the result of eating more than you planned, and sometimes it can be due to stress or illness.

Many everyday factors can affect whether or not your blood sugar level is under control, so it is important to know what to do if it gets out of control.

The easiest way to tell if you have hyperglycemia is to check your blood sugar levels. However, if you experience frequent urination or increased thirst, this could also be a sign of a problem. You should talk to your doctor about how often you should check your blood sugar.

Reducing food intake can also help lower your glucose levels. If they do not work, you need to change the amount of medication or the dose of insulin. On the other hand, you can change the time you inject your doses. Problems that can arise if hyperglycemia is not treated

If you find yourself experiencing hyperglycemia, the quickest way to lower your blood sugar is through exercise. Eating small portions can also help. If you continue to have frequent hyperglycemia problems, talk to your doctor or dietitian about changing the doses of your medications or diet. Sometimes, simply changing the timing of meals or medications can help.

Without treatment, hyperglycemia can progress to a diabetic coma. Your body can’t use insulin to break down glucose in food, so it starts breaking down fats instead. The body produces waste products called ketones that are excreted in the urine.

However, if it cannot release waste products quickly enough, ketoacidosis occurs, which can be life-threatening. If you experience shortness of breath, bad breath, nausea, or a dry mouth, seek medical attention immediately.



People with hyperglycemia should work to improve their health. They should eat nutritious food, but a doctor may suggest a calorie eating plan. This calorie plan determines how many calories a person should consume. This is done to make sure that the person does not take in more glucose than the insulin can use. It is usually prescribed to diabetic patients.

However, because hyperglycemia can be caused by a variety of conditions, treatment is aimed at addressing the underlying cause. The person adheres to the treatment and follows the instructions of his treating physician. Failure to follow the treatment regimen can cause problems. One must also avoid bad habits. He or she must change their diet and lifestyle.

 If a person has hyperglycemia, they should tell their doctor if they smoke or drink. He should also tell the doctor if he is taking medications other than those prescribed by the doctor.


High Blood Sugar Symptoms

high blood sugar symptoms

High Blood Sugar Symptoms – Naturally, human beings have sugar (also known as glucose) in the blood. Normal levels of blood sugar gives energy for the cells and organs in the body to function. However, having too much is bad.
Blood sugar is naturally produced from the liver and from the muscles in the body, however, most human beings get too much from food and drinks containing carbohydrates. Hyperglycemia is a condition wherein it means that there is way too much sugar in the blood. Having too much blood sugar (or having high blood glucose) means that the body lacks enough insulin to keep blood sugar levels at a normal state.

What is insulin?

Generally, insulin is a hormone that helps the body transform the foods or drinks we consume into energy. Insulin also helps directs blood sugar to be stored in the liver, muscles, and in fat.
Without enough insulin, blood sugar will not be stored or converted to energy, and instead, it will dangerously build-up which will cause serious health problems such as diabetes.


What is hyperglycemia? What causes hyperglycemia?
Right amounts of blood sugar is fuel for the body. However, too much does not equate to more energy… in fact, too much blood sugar causes the opposite of having a boost in energy.

High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia) What is hyperglycemia? What causes hyperglycemia?   Right amounts of blood sugar is fuel for the body. However, too much does not equate to more energy… in fact, too much blood sugar causes the opposite of having a boost in energy.

High Blood Sugar Symptoms

What does it feel like to have high blood sugar?

A number of high blood sugar symptoms can happen, such as:
– Drowsiness especially right after eating
– Have headaches or other aches in the body
– Thirsty or hungry all the time
– Difficulty in concentrating
– Blurry vision
– Feels bloated
– Urinates more often
– Wounds or skin injuries might take more time to heal

high blood sugar symptoms

Caution: Low insulin and having high blood sugar levels can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which is a serious complication that will need urgent medical attention.

Common symptoms may occur, such as:
– Shortness of breath
– Rapid beating of the heart
– Breath might smell fruity
– Disorientation
– Vomiting
– Dehydration
– Comatose

Blood sugar levels may reach over 250ml/dL. High blood sugar symptoms may be experienced at any time of the day, even in the morning for those who are suffering from diabetes.

What are the effects of high blood sugar in the body?

High blood sugar can lead to various symptoms and complications in the body. The following are examples of high blood sugar symptoms:
1. Frequent Urination – High blood sugar goes into the kidneys and urine which makes you more thirsty even when drinking lots of water.
2. Causes Unexplained Weight Loss – Even when there is high blood sugar in the body, high levels will cause the body’s cells to not get the glucose they actually need for burning fat and muscle.
3. Feeling Numb and Feels Tingling – High blood sugar can cause numbness, burning sensation, or tingling in the parts of the body such as the hands, legs, and even the feet. This complication of diabetes happens because of the diabetic neuropathy that happens after many years of having high blood sugar levels in the body.

High blood sugar symptoms cause harm to the body which will lead to long term complications:

1. May cause Heart Attack or Stroke

2. May cause damage or loss of eyesight.

3 May cause Kidney Problems

4. May cause skin problems such as slow healing of wounds or infections

high blood sugar symptoms

Prevention of Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar)

Here are the different ways or strategies to prevent Hyperglycemia:

– Regularly check blood sugar levels, especially when it is advised by the doctor
– Take insulin, again, when advised by the doctor
– Ask for dietary help from licensed dietitians or nutritionists to ask help what your best diet would be.
– Always be mindful and take precautions to avoid any infections or certain diseases
– Get regular exercise. Home exercise or go to the gym, either way.
– Get enough sleep and avoid way too much stress as much as possible by engaging in stress-reducing activities.

Fortunately, at this day and age, testing kits for checking blood sugar levels are readily available in the market and may be purchased and used at home. For a more accurate reading, it is best to check with your doctor.

Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)

When does low blood sugar occur? Some of the factors that increases the risk of low blood sugar includes:
a. Being diagnosed with certain medical conditions
b. Taking certain medicationsExercising too much
c. Skipping meals or eats way too little
d. Taking too much insulin can also be one that causes low blood sugar.  

Low blood sugar symptoms are:
– Feels weak
– Feeling hungry
– Feeling nervous or anxious
– Feeling the chills
– Feeling irritable
– Experiencing fast heartbeat
– Palpitations

To help with hypoglycemia, fruit juice or eating something sweet will help with the symptoms. For more information about your health, it’s best to consult with your doctor.

Type 1 Diabetes

As researched by the American Diabetes Association, 5% of the population which already has diabetes suffer from the type 1 diabetes.

high blood sugar symptoms

When the body lacks insulin, high blood sugar levels occur. Unfortunately, this happens because the immune system somehow attacks the cells in the body that produces insulin/ The cells in the pancreas produces the insulin we need in the body. If the body cannot naturally produce insulin, people, especially those with diabetes, would resort to take insulin through the methods medically available such as taking it via needle, a pen, or insulin pump. Insulin is vital in the body to keep blood sugar levels in the normal condition.

What causes Type 1 Diabetes?

In recent studies, researchers believe that people with a family history of type 1 diabetes is more likely to also be passed on to next generations. However, certain environmental factors such as viruses and infections may also cause the same.

Unfortunately, once diagnose with type 1 diabetes, there is no turning back. Dietary changes, regular exercise, or other healthy lifestyle choices will not undo it. It can happen at any time in our lives even during childhood.

Type 2 Diabetes

In this type, the body produces insulin but the problem is that the body is not able to utilize it. Yes, the pancreas makes insulin but cannot make enough to make sure the blood sugar level is at a stable or normal state. This effect is also known as “insulin resistance.” How should people take care of themselves when they have type 2 diabetes?

Taking insulin, proper medical pills, proper diet and exercise will definitely increase the chances to help manage blood sugar levels.

What causes Type 2 Diabetes?

Certain factors may cause to develop type 2 diabetes, such as the following:

  1. Certain genetics, especially when having a parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes
  2. Being overweight and being inactive most of the time
  3. Certain ethnicities are more prone to develop type 2 diabetes such as the African-American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian-American, Hispanic, or Pacific Islander ethnicity
  4. People who are over the age of 45 years
  5. People who have a blood pressure of 140/90 or higher
  6. Those who have low levels of good cholesterol or those who have high levels of triglycerides

Gestational Diabetes

high blood sugar symptoms

What is gestational diabetes? This occurs when, during pregnancy, the body is experiencing insulin resistance and high blood sugar levels. It is most vital to constantly monitor pregnant women’s blood sugar levels, as it can lead to lots of health complications for both the mother and the child. After delivery, this type of diabetes usually goes away.    

People who have high blood sugar or experiencing high blood sugar symptoms should visit their doctor. Each person is different and therefore have different reactions and experiences.

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